In my philosophy studies, I found my views to be outside the mainstream. I, therefore, sought to:
- Put my views to reality tests.
- If confirmed, apply these views to the basic problems of knowledge.
- Then, expedite the reconstruction in the foundation of knowledge.
The first test was in the information technology field. In 1969 I persuaded Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC) of San Antonio, Texas to develop a computer’s central processing unit CPU) for their next product and seek its implementation as a single-chip microprocessor. CTC did develop a CPU for their next product, the Datapoint 2200, but decided against developing it as a microprocessor. Instead, I asked, and was granted was the consent that Intel develops, produce and sell such microprocessor to the general market. I then persuade Intel to develop that microprocessor and formed Q1 Corporation. Q1 developed, manufactures, and in 1972 delivered the world’s first 8-bit single chip microprocessor-based personal computer to a division of Litton Industries, in Long Island, New York. That experience proved to me that philosophy has top-down problem-solving power.
I then turned to the problem of consciousness. Being conscious is the central fact of personal experience. Yet, prior attempts to account to what it is or what it does fail. The issue turned out to be whether elementary sensations, emotions, and cognitions are innate. I have accepted Darwin’s conclusion that heritability applies to psychological as well as biological attributes. The philosophic community, by and large, does not. The denial of innate mental faculties makes impossible to prove that consciousness exists.
The following is, apparently, the first proof that non-physical consciousness exists. The physical is publicly observable. Physicalism excludes first-person reports from the language of physics. Hence, innate sensations are private, subjective, and thus mental. This includes the sensory modalities of exteroception by which the physical world is knowable. Consequently, knowledge of the physical is inferable from the mental. This conclusion confers epistemological priority to the mental relative to the physical.
Crick and Koch introduced the challenge of identifying the neural correlates of consciousness (NCC). It is formulated within a Physicalistic conceptual framework, making the challenge unrealizable. My US patents (2010 and 2012), combine the fact that elementary sensations are innate with existing techniques to provide methods for the identification of locus-specific brain cell-types that determine the qualitative aspect of an elicited elementary sensation.
The central problem that prevents humanity from effectively addressing long-term global issues is that philosophy, the ultimate grounds for normative decision making, is out of date. My current experiment in applied philosophy is aimed at cutting short the delay in the reconstruction of the foundation of knowledge. It relates to the innateness of the sensation of light.
Newton accepted that sensations of color are innate and assumed that white light is a mixture of colored light. It implies that white light is a sensation as well. Newton, however, treated white light as physical. I did not see how this could be. I discussed this issue with Einstein in 1953, before I was able to base my reaction on empirical evidence. At that meeting, I was not aware that in 1952, Roger Sperry provided negative proof that information imported into the brain is devoid of qualitative attributes. It implied that sensations are elicited by the selectively activated brain loci.
A positive proof that the sensation of sound is innate has been provided by children born deaf that in addition, have a dysfunctional auditory nerve. Such children have been made to experience sensations of sound by neural prostheses that electrically stimulate hearing-related brain loci. This fact constitutes conclusive experimental evidence that the experience sensation of sound is neither a property of air vibration nor originates from the ears. This scientific proof has not yet been acknowledged by the philosophic community. Sperry’s observation implies that the same would apply to the sensation of light.
There can be no question that once it is demonstrated that the born blind experience sensation light by the electrical stimulation of vision-related brain loci (e.g. the visual cortex) it would amount to an experimental disconfirmation of Empiricism and Physicalism.
In 2016/17, I communicated with a company that has developed a neural prosthesis for persons who became blind. I urged that company to implant such a prosthesis initially in one or few blind born children. expect that this is done within five years. In due course, I believe the scientists that carry out such demonstration would be granted a Nobel Prize.
It would also prompt the philosophic community to finally set aside the 300-year of epistemological legacy. More importantly, it would mark the advent of the overdue reconstruction of the foundation of knowledge. Such reconstruction is a necessary condition for humanity to confront the impending upheavals.